There is no denying for the importance of management practices in our lives since beginning. The history stretches back to the time right from when the evolution of human being was on the rise. We needed management at that time too and we also needed it today although the faces of management practices have varied widely.
Today we need management in each and every aspect of our lives that not only includes the huge tasks requiring specialized skills for accomplishment but also includes the usual daily life Activities that we dont consider important enough to be given that much amounting of Focus and time. Management is vital for a person to live happy and balanced life as there are lots of aspects related to each and every persons life today including professional, personal attributes of someones life that have their own importance and require definite amount of time to be carried along comfortably.
Increasing the amount of economic integration across the World over the past decade has caste tumultuous impact on all the areas supporting human life in the developing countries, which constitutes about 80% of the work force. The so-called structural adjustments in national policies and the new international economic order have brought about severe stresses never perceived before.
There are exhortations to the policy planners of higher education emanating from GATT regulations made under WTO formulation e.g. withdrawal of subsidies, reduced control of the State, larger privatization and access to corporate players, designing of courses to meet the human resource needs of the markets in the changed scenario, and reliance on self-financing type management.
There are also obligations to allow free import of higher education as a service commodity from developed nations in the form of cross-border supply, consumption abroad etc. The cumulative effect of all these factors and the prevailing competitive environment have hustled the morale, confidence and commitment of the University community in general, even inducing trepidation.
Improving the low level of enrolment 6% in the 18-23 age groups) ratio, ensuring better equity, access, sound and realistic man-power planning, faster growth of skilled human resource for a self-reliant course of economic development and universalization of basic education are the other major challenges.
In such a skewed and grueling perspective, the University academics and administrators are confronted with so many challenges calling for knee-jerk response and pro-active approaches to management of institutions of higher education with a high level of professionalism, competence and quality assurance. They are duty bound to tide over the challenges facing the institutions and deliver quality goods and services to the customers and users without any opacity, obsession or prejudice. Outline of the strategies, the imperative scope of expansion, dimensions of diversification, potentials for both short- and long-term planning and modalities of placid administrative processes warranted in the contemporary ambience, but in the changed context, have been discussed by experts and researchers