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Thursday, May 31, 2012

Understanding the Government Procurement Process

The GATT or the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Procurement Code was actually made to promote the government procurement process and also to outline healthy competition among contractors and companies. This is also a code that ensures the government procurement process to be fair, transparent and impartial with its methods.

The GATT Procurement Code has been adhered by many different governments. The rules provided by this code have been fully accepted by these participating governments. Then, after almost ten years ago, the U.S. negotiated for tighter regulations incorporated with the existing rules. The government procurement process may be different from before but the government desires to make the whole process fair to all aspiring contractors.

The government procurement process basically revolves around solving the needs of the government. The federal government needs something to be fulfilled, thus, it goes to different companies to answer their needs, whether it be on goods or on services. With even small enterprises, the government can choose from a wider range of capable businesses that can assist in accomplishing a task for the country.

Business owners now have a wider opportunity given by the United States government. The GATT Procurement Code now allows U.S based companies to go mix it up with international companies. The whole government procurement process has become more helpful to companies around the United States.

The times are definitely changing, more opportunities have been created for business owners and the right thing to do is to take advantage of this opportunities. Even if you are an owner of a very small business and you think that your goods or services are much needed by the federal government, it is high time that you understand the whole government procurement process.

The government procurement process is not as complicated as you think. Though it requires you a lot of patience and much needed information, you can basically learn it with the help of a government procurement consultant. It is a must that you learn all the steps in the government procurement process. By learning the basic steps, you can save on time and money. When you get to learn the basic government procurement process, you need to look at your own business' capabilities. You need to make sure that your business can meet all the requirements for government procurement.

With the help of a larger window of opportunity provided by the federal government, even small businesses are allowed to bid on government contracts. The federal government basically allots one hundred billion dollars for small businesses annually. This statement can definitely encourage you to learn the whole government procurement process even more. Whether you are an owner of a small business or a big time corporation owner, learning the government procurement process is a matter that you should take into full consideration. Who knows, the federal government may be your best source for a lucrative contract. So grab that opportunity and learn the whole government procurement process. Take that first step right now.

E-Commerce in Light of International Trade Agreements: The WTO by Bashar Malkawi

E-Commerce has developed after the creation of the WTO in 1994. Consequently, the WTO does not contain specific articles for e- commerce. Nevertheless, there are several WTO agreements related to e-commerce. These WTO agreements include the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the Information Technology Agreement (ITA).

The GATS is of particular significance to e-commerce for several reasons. First, the communication services which provide access to e-commerce fall under the GATS.Second, the execution of an electronic transaction necessitates infrastructure services (distribution, payment, etc.) whose liberalization equally falls under the GATS. In view of the acknowledged importance of telecommunication services, the access to public telecommunication networks was incorporated in a separate telecommunication annex.In addition, WTO members agreed to so-called Reference Paper. The Reference paper provides for rules that shall prevent anti-competitive behavior in the telecommunications sector.The Reference Paper includes competition policy principles to ensure access to public telecommunication networks.

The ITA is of a particular significance to e-commerce. WTO members agreed to a common position with regard to trade in information technology (IT) goods. WTO members committed themselves to reduce their tariffs on IT-goods in four steps of twenty-five percent to reach a tariff-free policy by the year 2000.This obligation pertains to a common list of IT-products covering wide range of some 180 information technology products in five major categories: computers and peripheral devices, semiconductors, printed circuit boards, telecommunications equipment (except satellites), and software. The IT covers ninety-five percent of the existing world trade in IT-goods. Thus, the ITA brings advantages to a wide range of production activities.

Largely at the insistence of the U.S. at the WTO Ministerial Conference in 1998, WTO members decided to develop a work program covering e-Commerce.

According to the WTO Work Program on Electronic Commerce, e-commerce is understood to mean the production, distribution, marketing, sale or delivery of goods and services by electronic means. The WTO divides e-commerce transactions into three distinctive stages: the advertising and searching stage, the ordering and payment stage, and the delivery stage. Any or all of these stages may be carried out electronically and may therefore be covered by the concept of e-commerce. In other words, a buyer may purchase a book via the Internet and to be delivered physically later on or he can purchase and download the book via the Internet. In either case, the purchase of the book could be said that it is conducted through e-commerce means.

Despite the fact that the WTO Work Program on Electronic Commerce has been set up in 1998, very little progress has been achieved. The most important issue blocking progress on e-commerce in the WTO agenda is the question of categorization. WTO members differ whether products which were usually sold as goods due to their link to a physical carrier and which can now be delivered online over the net (e.g. music or movies) shall be treated as goods under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) or as services under the GATS.For example, if a book is ordered online, but is delivered physically, for the purposes of WTO trade rules, it is a good. That makes it subject to the GATT. However, if the book is delivered electronically - downloaded onto the computer � it is unclear whether this digital product should be treated as a good or a service. If goods delivered online were considered goods, they would be subject to few trade restrictions under the GATT such as tariffs .On the other hand, if goods delivered online were considered services, they would be subject to more trade restrictions under the GATS such as market access barriers and discriminatory domestic regulations. For example, if the delivery of films and broadcasts on the Internet is considered services, countries apply their restrictive rules on the distribution and broadcast of audiovisual works to films and television programs transmitted over the Internet. Until the classification debate is resolved, WTO members decided not to impose tariffs on imported electronic transmissions.

There were numerous WTO meetings and seminars producing views and proposals which are reflected in the country statements or the final reports.These meetings would include informal exchange of view-points than the achievement of agreements. Therefore, the classification debate issue continues to be unresolved. There have been no new e-commerce relevant actions at the WTO until now.

Advantages of Technology in Internation Trade

Technology plays a major role in international trade. Databases, overnight delivery and faxes have opened the world market to not only larger companies but small ones too. To add to this globalization, companies and even competitors are combining and forming alliances to cut cost and increase the profit margin. Chrysler, General Motors and Ford have formed an alliance in research and development to avoid duplication. These alliances are not only with domestic companies but they also go over national lines. Companies are pushing for integration of the world economy in hope for increased profits and governments are beginning to listen.

Since 1986 (GATT) General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade have taken the incitive to move towards the liberalization of international trade. GATT members agreed to reduce tariff and non-tariff trade barriers. From 1986 to the present due to GATT's lead many markets have been open to the United States increasing exports and increasing efficiency through competition.

One of the most aggressive liberalization groups to follow GATT's lead is APEC (Asian Pacific Economic Community). APEC consist of 18 countries that account for 1/2 of the worlds output. The three largest economies Japan, China and the United States are members. APEC leaders are committed to achieving free and open trade for the region by 2010. APEC is moving towards this goal through many means including accelerating initial Japanese tariff cuts by 50%. China will also cut a number of tariffs by 30%. Indonesia and other APEC members are also reducing tariffs sharply. What sets APEX at the head of the pack leading liberalization is it wiliness to extend benefits of membership to everyone. APEX is willing to extend the benefits of cuts in tariff and non-tariff barriers to all countries willing to make comparable cuts. This is a major incentive for all countries because the Pacific Rim is the fastest growing market in the world and large profits are to be made there.

To put these cut in trade barriers in perspective lets look at the company Chrysler. Chrysler is introducing a right handed drive version of the neon subcompact to the Japanese consumer. Chrysler plans to sell 4,000 units at their 200 show rooms. They are hoping for even more success with the right handed versions of the Voyager and Wrangler which they plan to introduce next year. With Japanese subsidizes on exports which lead to a high price on Japanese domestic goods, Chrysler should be very competitive.

Liberalism in trade, though progressive vary a lot with area. The European Union consisting of the countries of western Europe have established a free trade zone between themselves but those areas outside the union deal with the same old trade barriers. Tariffs on sensitive goods still remain. Sensitive goods range from agriculture and raw materials to footwear and furniture. These practices may seem unfair but the union is beginning to open up trade with Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean and hopefully they will take the APEX incentive to open thier market. If not we have policies that we can follow to force free trade.

The United States is in a unique position in the world economy being the largest consumer nation and also a major exporter. The U.S. can use the threat of trade sanctions to open up closed markets and even change countries policies. An example of this is the U.S. threat to use trade sanctions towards China. China has a booming industry pirating U.S. films and music. This industry cost the U.S. billions. The threat of trade sanctions forced China to crack down on these pirating industries.

The world is moving towards the liberalization of international trade. Large economic communities are being formed to make trade more profitable for everyone involved. The APEC initiative takes this even farther with plans to incorporate the whole world into a free trade area, thus making the entire world more efficient and goods less costly.

Compromise reached in US/Mexico cross-border trucking

U.S. President Barack Obama and Mexico President Felipe Calderon announced yesterday that they have come up with a solution that will "allow for the establishment of a reciprocal, phased-in program built on the highest safety standards that will authorize both Mexican and United States long-haul carriers to engage in cross-border operations under NAFTA." Mexico will suspend 50% of its retaliatory tariffs when the new agreement is signed (60 day estimate) and the other 50% when the first Mexican carrier is granted operating authority under the program.

President Calderon is wise to make sure we hold up our end of the bargain before taking down the tariffs. Negotiators from both sides are working on a draft agreement that the DOT will review with Congress and put out for public comment.

It is unlikely that we will be seeing the benefits of this new compromise any time soon. While details are still being worked out, at least some components of the prop osal are known. Mexican truckers will be required to operate with Electronic On-Board Recorders (EOBRs) that ensure compliance with U.S. hours of service regulations and to ensure that the trucks only haul freight to and from Mexico, not U.S. domestic freight.

Under the agreement, Mexico would eventually lift tariffs it placed on dozens of U.S. products in response to the banning of its trucks from U.S. roads, AP said.Leaders from both countries will negotiate further details of the plan, which will be phased in, and the deal will require approval from the U.S. Congress before it takes effect, Bloomberg reported.American Trucking Associations is "pleased" that the leaders have come to an agreement, President Bill Graves said in a statement."When properly implemented, NAFTA's trucking provisions should evolve to allow for a more efficient, safe and secure environment for cross-border operations between the U.S. and Mexico," Graves said.

The Owner-O perator Independent Drivers Association, which has consistently opposed the plan, said in a statement it was "outraged" by the proposed agreement."For all the president's talk of helping small businesses survive, his administration is sure doing their best to destroy small trucking companies and the drivers they employ," OOIDA said.

Tariffs and Limits

Today's news is dominated by political parties posturing as if they know how to solve pressing
problems with real answers. What we see happening in Wisconsin is only the beginning of desperate actions to come if we don't begin to come up with real long-term jobs. Is the pay scale we receive for a job important? Sure it is, but without jobs the pay scale does not matter. Politicians don't seem to get the effects of losing somewhere between 9% and 20% of our jobs. If we were at a 6% jobless rate, we wouldn't be experiencing mobs of people protesting the inability of states paying for all their financial commitments. Does this remind you of other countries around the world with the same problems and no answers? The only real answer that makes any sense at all is to bring jobs back home.

JOBS pay all our taxes. JOBS support the needs of individuals and families. JOBS help the human race realize its contributions to society. JOBS keep people's mind on the dream. JOBS support our existence in this world providing economic
stability. JOBS support our government on every level, federal, state,
county, and city.

To get an idea of one of the many problems with our economic stability in today's world, let's take a brief look at one of many trade agreements. Trade agreements are in place with every country in the world that wants to do business with the US. Probably the best known in the last two generations would be NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement and this is only a sampling of the problems with these agreements. According to Wikipedia, "The goal of NAFTA was to eliminate barriers of trade and investment between the US, Canada and Mexico. The implementation of NAFTA on January 1, 1994, brought the immediate elimination of tariffs on more than one half of U.S. imports from Mexico and more than one third of U.S. exports to Mexico. Within 10 years of the implementation of the agreement, all US-Mexico tariffs would be eliminated except for some U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico that were to be phased out in 15 years. Most US-Canada trade was already duty free. NAFTA als o seeks to
eliminate non-tariff trade barriers." NAFTA eliminated tariffs, a key tool in controlling the loss of jobs and generating much needed revenue to level the playing field.

Tariffs can be used to level the playing field for all countries involved. When imports are coming into this country at such a low cost that it creates an imbalance between those products and the products being manufactured here, import tariffs can be used to bring costs back in balance. These tariffs also will help to reduce the income tax rates. Lower income taxes allow for more spendable income, increasing economic stability. The same thing can be done for exports in the same manner. That's my thoughts, what's yours?

Coming next, we will talk about import limits that will further help to level the playing field and bring jobs back home.

Why Shipping Jobs Overseas Will Change Your Daily Life and What to Do About It

The United States has lost manufacturing jobs for a number of reasons. But, the consequences of this job loss is resulting in a catastrophic effect on the US economy. Its future effects will produce a lower standard of living for most Americans.

Why Manufacturing Job Loss?

Corporate profits has to be one of the most important issues. Manufactured products having a comparatively high labor cost can reap a higher profit if the labor costs can be cut . Because the stockholders want to see higher profits, the logical plan of action is to cut labor costs. Increasing automation or using low cost labor are the key ways to scale back manufacturing costs. For countless products, using foreign workers is the best method to scale back manufacturing expenses.

In order to ship jobs offshore, congress needed to alter tax laws and ease import as well as export laws. With the expectation of higher profits, manufactures could offer incentives to politicians to vote for laws such as NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) that allowed easy outsourcing of manufacturing jobs. NAFTA eliminated trade barriers between Mexico, the United States and Canada. It also removed taxes on imports and exports.

NAFTA was a baby step that allowed manufacturers to shed US employees in favor of cheap overseas workers. Manufacturing and service jobs have fled this country. Just look at the nation your clothes are manufactured in to see the consequences of these kinds of laws and agreements.

What Are the Effects of Massive Outsourcing?

The Education Resources Information Center, a government information agency, predicted the consequences of NAFTA on jobs. It stated that the \"North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) will result in lower wages, fewer jobs, and generally reduced living standards for the majority of U.S. workers.\"

The AFL-CIO indicates that since 2000 the US has lost 5 million manufacturing jobs and 850,000 information sector jobs which were shipped overseas.

Once someone loses their manufacturing job, they stop spending and a lot of other jobs are lost. Many people from the grocery store, restaurants, hardware stores, department stores all can lose their positions too. Metropolitan areas where job loss takes place experience a reduced tax base that erodes city services and the quality of schools. Just when the former workers and their children need education the most, schools having a declining tax base must cut back their curriculum.

To benefit those displaced workers, the federal government established the Trade Adjustment Assistance program to help in retraining. This program allows for cash payments to workers enrolled in full time education.

It is a fact that when US workers need to compete with lower wage workers from foreign countries, similar US positions cannot pay more. Such competition must lower the standard of living of all workers involved in unskilled and skilled labor jobs.

Effects on the US Economy

Inhabitants of the United States purchase more foreign goods than they manufacture for shipment abroad. This ensures that our national trade balance is a trade deficit. We sent $46.3 billion more abroad for goods in January of 2011 alone. This means there is a flood of US dollars going abroad. This reduces the value of the dollar on currency exchanges.

Because of the mediocre economy and the uninhibited spending by the Federal government, 42 cents o f every dollar Congress spends has to be borrowed. Because of this, the United States is the foremost debtor nation of all time.

The upshot of all this is that the economic stability of the United States is starting to become increasingly questionable. The mounting price of gold, a standard of value, demonstrates that the US dollar is swiftly losing value. With hope that the federal government will change course dimming, the future for the dollar and the investments of millions of Americans looks darker and darker.

What are the NAFTA MSDS Authoring Standards?

NAFTA �North American Free Trade Agreement� MSDS is a document which is compliant across the whole North American continent under the following standards:

The Canadian standard WHMIS �Workplace Hazardous Material Information System� is implemented through coordinated federal, provincial and territorial legislation. Supplier labeling and MSDS requirements are set out under the federal �Hazardous products Act� and associated �Controlled Products Regulations�. All of the provincial territorial and federal agencies responsible for occupational safety and health have established WHMIS employer requirements within there respective jurisdictions. These requirements obligate employers to ensure that controlled products used, stored, handled or disposed of in the workplace are properly labeled, that MSDSs are made available to workers, and that workers receive education and training to ensure the safe storage, handling, use and disposal of controlled products in the wor kplace.

The United States standard �29 CFR 1910.1200 - Occupational Safety & Health Administration� as well as the Mexican standard �NOM-018-STPS-2000� are also concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goal of all these standards is to foster a safe work environment. As a secondary effect, it may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, suppliers, nearby communities, and other members of the public who are impacted by the workplace environment.

The North American ANSI standard �ANSI.Z400.1-2004� applies to the preparation of MSDSs for chemicals and materials used under occupational conditions. It presents basic information on how to develop and write MSDSs that are complete, clear and consistent. It also identifies information that must be included to comply with the HCS. Additional information is provided to help comply with state and federal environmental and safety laws and regulations. With the addition of certain data elements, this Standard is also acceptable for international use.

What all of the above standards have in common is to author a fully NAFTA MSDS complaint document which can be used through out the whole North American continent. It meets the required regulations for three countries Canada, United States and Mexico which have joined the free trade agreement in order to create a free way of chemical trading.

Mexican and Canadian NAFTA Professional Workers Can Get A TN Status

Canadian and Mexican citizens take the privilege of getting a TN Visa to work in the United States. TN status is a special status given to non-immigrant Canadian and Mexican NAFTA professionals. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an agreement signed by the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States to allow the professionals of certain occupations of each country to work in each other countries.

On What Basis These Professionals Are Pertained To Work in US

Canadian or Mexican Professionals may work in the U.S. if:

The applicant is a citizen of Canada or Mexico; Their profession is on the NAFTA list; Position in the U.S. requires a NAFTA professional; Mexican or Canadian applicant is to work in a prearranged full-time or part-time job, for a U.S. employer. Self-employment is not permitted; Professional Canadian or Mexican citizen has the qualifications of the profession.

What Canadians Require for Acquiring TN Status?

Canadian citizens usually do not need a visa as a NAFTA Professional, although a visa can be issued to qualified TN visa applicants upon request. A Canadian citizen without a TN visa can apply at a U.S. port of entry. A Canadian residing in another country with a non-Canadian spouse and child would need a visa to enable the spouse and child to be able to apply for a visa to accompany or join the NAFTA Professional, as a TD visa holder. Canadian professionals are admitted into the USA in the TN-1 status.

What Mexicans Require for Acquiring TN Status?

Mexican citizens require a visa from a consulate in Mexico to request admission to the U.S. Once the TN visa stamp is obtained in the Mexican citizen's passport, they may enter the US in TN status in a similar manner to a Canadian citizen, and are admitted into the US in the TN-2 status.

Documents required for attaining TN status

Online Nonimmigrant Visa Electronic Application, Form DS-160 A passport valid for travel to the U.S. and with a validity date at least six months beyond the applicant's intended period of stay in the U.S. One (1) 2x2 photograph. Letter of Employment in the U.S.

Also the applicants for TN status must show their intended stay is temporary, without the intent to establish permanent residence. Additionally, applicants must demonstrate that they have the following:

Education: The applicant's employer must submit proof that the applicant meets the minimum education requirements. Work Experience: Documentation proving to the applicant's experience should be in the form of letters from former employers. If the applicant was self-employed, business records should be submitted proving that self-employment. Spouses and Children

A TD visa is required for spouses and children (unmarried children under the age of 21) who are accompanying or following to join NAFTA Professionals (TN visa holders). A bona fide spousal or parent-child relationship to the principal TN visa holder must be demonstrated by the applicants. Applicants do not have to be citizens of Mexico or Canada. Spouses and children cannot work while in the U.S. though they are permitted to study.

TN Visascan apply for a period of up to three years. So anyone with TN visa cannot file for a green card or citizenship application form to adjust the status before changing the status to some other non-immigrant status. Now many ebooks store act as Immigration Guide to help getting TN visa.

The United States Food and Drug Administration and Nafta

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) helps safeguard the ability of the United States Food and Drug Administration to ensure food safety and quality within North America. NAFTA is an agreement between Canada, the US and Mexico that took effect on January 1, 1994, designed to increase the scope for the free flow trade and investment among these three countries. The US Food and Drug Administration (US FDA), which participated in the negotiation of NAFTA, has reviewed the US Food and Drug Administration standards for safety, purity and appropriate labeling of foods and has determined that these standards are consistent with the terms of the agreement. This is why no changes in US Food and Drug Administration standards are needed or proposed to implement NAFTA.

NAFTA does not change existing or future US Food and Drug Administration standards regarding pesticide use or pesticide and other chemical residue or contaminant standards for fresh or processed foods. NAFTA provisions safeguard the ability of the US Food Drug Administration to ensure food safety. In short, existing US Food and Drug Administration standards will continue to be applied to imported foods as well as domestically produced foods. This means that the U.S. will continue to prohibit any food shipments determined not to meet pesticide residue or other food safety requirements.

NAFTA has no effect on U.S. Food and Drug Administration laws and regulations in the area of safety, effectiveness, and appropriate labeling of human and animal drugs and medical devices. Any products coming into the U.S. must continue to meet all US FDA standards and requirements.
Additionally, NAFTA does not change or affect US Food Drug Administration laws and regulations with respect to US Food and Drug safety and appropriate labeling of dietary supplements imported in to the U.S.

U.S. FDA and TWG

Within the auspices of the NAFTA, the three countries have developed a technical working group on pesticides called TWG. It serves as a focal point for all issues related to pesticides for these countries. TWG's aim is to ensure that the countries can be assured of the legality and safety of foods produced in any of the NAFTA countries. US food and drug administration is providing trilateral cooperation between Mexico and Canada to enforce the TWG standards.

Article 723(6) makes explicit that any party challenging a U.S. Food and Drug Administration safety measure would have the burd en of showing that the US Food and Drug measure is inconsistent with NAFTA. Whether any particular level of protection is "appropriate" is a social and political judgment that the agreement reserves for the government applying the measure (see Articles 712(2) and 724). As provided in Article 712, a sanitary measure is to be based on a risk assessment "as appropriate to the circumstances," and is not to be maintained where there is no longer a scientific basis for it. US Food and Drug Administration standards are already based on risk assessments and have a scientific basis. These NAFTA requirements help assure that measures applied by the other parties will not unfairly exclude U.S. food exports.

North America (Nafta) Industry Guide

North America (NAFTA) Industry Guide is an essential resource for top-level data and analysis covering the Footwear industry in each of the North American Free Trade Agreement (United States, Canada, and Mexico) countries. The report includes easily comparable data on market value, volume, segmentation and market share, plus full five year market forecasts. It examines future problems, innovations and potential growth areas within the market.

Scope of the Report
* Contains an executive summary and data on value, volume and segmentation of all popular shoes.
* Provides textual analysis of the industry's prospects, competitive landscape and profiles of the leading companies
* Incorporates in-depth five forces competitive environment analysis and scorecards
* Compares data from the US, Canada and Mexico, alongside individual chapters on each country. .
* Includes a five-year forecast of the industry

The NAFTA Footwear market reaches a value of $69.5 billion in 2008.

The US is the leading country among the NAFTA bloc, with market revenues of $62.3 billion in 2008

Canada was the fastest growing country, with a CAGR of 6.7% over the 2004-2008 period.

Market Definition: The footwear market consists of the total revenues generated through the sale of all types of men's, women's and children's shoes. The market is valued at retail selling price with any currency conversions calculated using constant annual average 2008 exchange rates."

Why you should buy this report

* Spot future trends and developments, what's the trend of discount ugg in 2010 eg.
* Inform your business decisions
* Add weight to presentations and marketing materials
* Save time carrying out entry-level research

Dressed to kill�Q inspired fashion

How to Make a Girl Happy

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Vision Shopsters: Construction & Engineering - North America (NAFTA) Industry Guide

Construction & Engineering - North America (NAFTA) Industry Guide is an essential resource for top-level data and analysis covering the Construction & Engineering industry in each of the North American Free Trade Agreement (United States, Canada, and Mexico) countries. The report includes easily comparable data on market value, volume, segmentation and market share, plus full five year market forecasts. It examines future problems, innovations and potential growth areas within the market.

Scope of the Report

* Contains an executive summary and data on value, volume and segmentation
* Provides textual analysis of the industry's prospects, competitive landscape and profiles of the leading companies
* Incorporates in-depth five forces competitive environment analysis and scorecards
* Compares data from the US, Canada and Mexico, alongside individual chapters on each country. .
* Includes a five-year forecast of the industry


The NAFTA Construction & Engineering market reaches a value of $759.3 billion in 2009.
The US is the leading country among the NAFTA bloc, with market revenues of $635.9 billion in 2009
US was the fastest growing country, with a CAGR of 7.3% over the 2005�2009 period.

Why you should buy this report

* Spot future trends and developments
* Inform your business decisions
* Add weight to presentations and marketing materials
* Save time carrying out entry-level research

Market Definition

The construction and engineering industry is composed of civil engineering companies and large-scale contractors, but excludes companies involved in home-building. The market value is calculated as the revenues of those companies whose primary activity is the construction of non-residential buildings and non-buildings construction (civil engineering). All currency conversions have been calculated using constant average 2009 annual rate.

To know more about this report & to buy a copy please visit :

Vision Shopsters: Haircare - North America (NAFTA) Industry Guide

Haircare - North America (NAFTA) Industry Guide is an essential resource for top-level data and analysis covering the Haircare industry in each of the North American Free Trade Agreement (United States, Canada, and Mexico) countries. The report includes easily comparable data on market value, volume, segmentation and market share, plus full five year market forecasts. It examines future problems, innovations and potential growth areas within the market.

Scope of the Report

* Contains an executive summary and data on value, volume and segmentation
* Provides textual analysis of the industry's prospects, competitive landscape and profiles of the leading companies
* Incorporates in-depth five forces competitive environment analysis and scorecards * Compares data from the US, Canada and Mexico, alongside individual chapters on each country. .
* Includes a five-year forecast of the industry


The NAFTA Haircare market reaches a value of $9687.8 million in 2009.
The US is the leading country among the NAFTA bloc, with market revenues of $7352 million in 2009
Mexico was the fastest growing country, with a CAGR of 7.6% over the 2005�2009 period.

Why you should buy this report

* Spot future trends and developments
* Inform your business decisions
* Add weight to presentations and marketing materials
* Save time carrying out entry-level research

Market Definition

The haircare market consists of the retail sale of conditioner, hair colorants, salon products, shampoo and styling agents. The market is valued according to retail selling price (RSP) and includes an y applicable taxes. Any currency conversions used in the compilation of this report have been calculated using 2009 annual average exchange rates.

To know more about this report & to buy a copy please visit :

Vision Shopsters: Oil & Gas - North America (NAFTA) Industry Guide

Oil & Gas - North America (NAFTA) Industry Guide is an essential resource for top-level data and analysis covering the Oil & Gas industry in each of the North American Free Trade Agreement (United States, Canada, and Mexico) countries. The report includes easily comparable data on market value, volume, segmentation and market share, plus full five year market forecasts. It examines future problems, innovations and potential growth areas within the market.

Scope of the Report

* Contains an executive summary and data on value, volume and segmentation
* Provides textual analysis of the industry's prospects, competitive landscape and profiles of the leading companies
* Incorporates in-depth five forces competitive environment analysis and scorecards
* Compares data from the US, Canada and Mexico, alongside individual chapters on each country. . * Includes a five-year forecast of the industry


The NAFTA Oil & Gas market reaches a value of $659.1 billion in 2009.
The US is the leading country among the NAFTA bloc, with market revenues of $525.3 billion in 2009
Mexico was the fastest growing country, with a CAGR of 6.2% over the 2005�2009 period.

Why you should buy this report

* Spot future trends and developments
* Inform your business decisions
* Add weight to presentations and marketing materials
* Save time carrying out entry-level research

Market Definition

The oil & gas market consists of the activities of exploration, development, production, refining, storage, transportation and marketing of oil & gas. The market values given in this report reflect the total value of oil and natural gas product consumption within a country, calculated usin g annual average prices in each respective country. Industry volumes reflect the total consumption of oil and natural gas in millions of barrels equivalent (BOE). Any currency conversions used in this report have been calculated using constant 2009 annual average exchange rates.

To know more about this report & to buy a copy please visit :

Why Rajasthan tour must be on your wish-list before you die? - Travel - Destinations

Being the largest state of India area-wise, Rajasthan not only boasts of varied topography in the form of desert, hills, forest etc but also a rich culture mixed with different traditions and customs which is quite unique to this state. What makes Rajasthan apart from other states is also the continuing royal legacy of erstwhile Rajas and Maharajas in the State and most of the families living the same royal lifestyle yet. Each city has an associated interesting history of myths and legends which are still remembered and told to tourists. The exquisite architectural monuments including arching giant forts and large palaces, exotic wildlife and a range of fairs also distinguish it from other states in more profound ways.

Thus ten reasons why it compels to visit this beautiful and colorful state of Rajasthan North India are as follows:

1. Architecture: Wonderful forts and palaces like City Palace, Lake Palace, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Mehrangarh Fort, Junagarh Fort, Golden Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Amber Fort, Neemrana Fort, Castle Mandawa Fort, etc. are some of the grand heritage sites. Few of them like Umaid Bhawan Palace, Neemrana Fort & Palace are converted to hotels which offer Royal hospitality and luxury.

2. Rich Folk Culture: Although every city in the state owes to itself different and unique customs, traditions, habits etc, the whole experience of witnessing folk dance and listening to folk music is delight to eyes and ears as both are performed in melody encompassing use of local musical instruments and colorful woven costumes.

3. Wildlife and Bird Sanctuaries: Rajasthan is abode to various endangered and exotic species of animals and birds. Three of Indias major wildlife and bird sanctuaries; Ranthambore National Park, a tiger reserve, Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary where antelopes, leopard, tigers, gazelles, waterfowls etc are usually seen and Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary which welcomes migratory birds from abroad every year are animal lovers delight. Some of them include safari rides too for adventurous tourists.

4. Fairs & Festivals: Various theme based fairs and festivals are an important part of Rajasthan culture which invite spectators from all over country in huge numbers. The most popular one is the Pushkar Fair where camel racing, cattle fair, moustache competition, etc are the major attraction .Camel dance competitions are also held. Other fairs include Marwar Festival, Desert festival, Baneshwar Fair, Elephant festival etc which depict the true culture of Rajasthan.

5. Excellent textiles, handicrafts, gemstones: Rajasthan is unique to various techniques of art forms on fabric, wood and marble which are decorated with finesse depicting the rich tradition of the state. Meenakari, enameled silver and gold jewelry, hand block printing, zari work on textiles and embroidered jutis etc are quite beautiful and colorful.

6. Temples: Dilwara temples, Brahma temple in Pushkar, Birla temples etc are known for their great architectural magnificence and distinct style of their structure. They also attract pilgrims from far and wide.

7. Sand dunes: Major portion of Rajasthan is covered with sand dunes of Thar desert which offers picturesque sight of different shapes of dunes at different times and location.

8. Food: The tour to Rajasthan is incomplete without savoring some of the mouth watering cuisines such as dal-bati, besan-chakki, churma, jhajariya, gevar, balusahi, tarfini, raabdi, bail-gatte. The most interesting fact of Rajasthani dishes is that they are mostly cooked in pure ghee leaving wonderful aroma after you finish the food. In cities like Jaisalmer, Barmer and Bikaner, food is prepared with minimum water and more of milk and buttermilk are used instead. Mewa Kachori of Jodhpur, Dil jani of Udaipur, Malpuas of Pushkar, Ghevar and Mishri Mawa of Jaipur and Sohan Halwa of Ajmer are also some memorable food items.

9. Adventure sports: Being the oldest mountain ranges in India, Aravalli ranges are the best place for trekking and other adventurous activities because these are bounded by dense forests, lakes, meadows etc. Mount Abu, the only hill station in Rajasthan is also nestled in Aravallis which is a popular tourist destination.

10. Lakes: Udaipur is also known as city of lakes as many beautiful lakes like Lake Pichola, Fateh Sagar Lake, Jaisamand Lake, Rajsamand Lake, Doodh Talai, Udai Sagar Lake, etc are situated here and surrounded by sprawling gardens making the landscape beautiful.

A Comparison of Ethics - Business - Ethics

Policies of human rights have been on the minds of American workers, since the end of WWII. Working conditions, safety, health, labor, benefit packages, and the environment have become bargaining chips for employment negotiated from the personal level to organized Unions. Additionally, since the scope of globalization has become a stronghold for developing market strategies, Chinas policies have been scrutinized and it is feeling pressure to improve them. This scrutiny began during the years of the Clinton administration as they attempted to manipulate international trade policies with China to facilitate the process. Chinas leadership is concerned with how its human rights policies will impact its own culture and undermine its values, which have been traditionally influenced by Confucianism. Confucius (551 BC- 479 BC) was a philosopher whose writings play an important role in the Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Vietnamese ways of thought and life. It wasnt until the Han dynasty (206 BC 220 AD) that Confucianisms influence became predominant. Collins, M. (2008) stated, Chen Duxiu, one of the standard bearers of the New Culture movement in the Republic of China, argued in 1916, that Confucian thought and teachings belonged to the feudal age (p.161). It was at this time that the new culture movement believed this culture of Confucianism was holding them back from modernization in Chinas pursuit of democracy. Those who preserve Confucianism inherently have adopted the belief that democracy and this culture are incompatible; since Confucianism is essentially authoritarian. It is the western world that produced the word democracy as a complete contradiction to complete to a dictatorship and utilitarian leadership, regarding peoples rights to participate in the political process and in leadership. Still, China struggles to understand these principles, due to never having such a system of its own. In the 1830s, many U.S. companies enacted child la bor laws prohibiting children from working in industrial settings. In the rural areas, whole families were being employed with men doing the heavy labor, and women and children doing the lighter work. It wasnt until 1941, when the U.S. Federal Government declared child labor unconstitutional, and set into place the Federal Wage and Hour Law. This law set the work week of 40 hours, with a minimum wage. It also prohibited child labor under the age of 16, while allowing children at 16 and over to work in non-hazardous occupations. The Act also set 18 as the minimum age to work in industries classified as hazardous. The (2010) stated: According to recent global estimates by the International Labor Office, the number of working children aged 5 to 14 in developing countries is in the order of 250 million, of whom some 120 million work full time in various jobs often under hazardous conditions amid crude living conditions. It was during WWII and the industrial rev olution that women were asked to work in American factories to help support the War efforts as men fought. Upon the return of these men, women enjoyed their freedom and did not want to return to the role of a housewife and being dependent; so the U.S. democracy matured for this new audience of employees. The landscape of the labor market changed, and so did laws in the name of human rights for women and children. Things have drastically changed in the United States in regard to morals and ethics. The country can no longer discriminate with forms of ethnic, religious, or sexual connotations and get away with it; yet, these still exist in various forms around the country. If people are empowered, they remain loyal, trustworthy, and productive. Contrary to this belief, other countries, such as China, face a culture change due to globalization. With the international trade agreements on General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the North American Free Trade Agreement ( NAFTA), the borders are open for more free trade and countries or Chinas fears of losing its values and ideologies of a dictatorship, practiced through Confucianism, are shaky. The process of international economic integration, for China, is under the microscope as a major supplier of goods and services to the world. Chinas youth are becoming more educated under democratic policies; this alone sparks a revolution of change. Ethics contribute to ones ethical relativism in life, and when applied with appropriate principles, they lead to successful business decision-making, and may enhance ones professional image as a reputable business leader. Once learned, these principles may shed light on bringing resolutions to challenging circumstances in the global business arena where it seems they do not apply to all people the same way. Every business stakeholder has decisions to make, whether his or her ideas of right and wrong are represented in the ways they follow the rules. Ones commitment to leadership to an organization may pervert his or her uses of ethical principles.

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Visit The Three Jewels Of Indian Civilization With Triangle Tour Of North India - Travel

India -The land of many mysteries is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. People from across the globe come to India to enjoy an exciting and fulfilling vacation. India is a potpourri of many cultures and religions. Home to many religions, languages and ethnicity India proudly calls itself Unity in Diversity. Indian geography is as varied as its culture. On the north it has the Great Himalayans, in the south it has serene backwaters and beaches, in the west has beautiful deserts and east have mesmerizing tea plantations and hills.

To get the essence of Indian culture and history you must undertake the famous triangle tour which covers three of the most famous cities of India- namely Delhi, Jaipur and Agra. Delhi the capital of India is mix of old and new. Delhi has been the throne of many kingdoms. Old Delhi area still has the old world charm of Mogul era. It has Jama Majid, Lal Qila and much other famous Mogul architecture. Other famous sightseeing options are India Gate, Lotus Temple, Qutumb Minar, Humayuns Tomb, and Birla Mandir etc. Modern Delhi also has many swanky malls and buildings where you can get everything under sun. Shopping in Delhi is an indulging activity. The famous Janpath market attracts many tourists. Sarojni Nagar, Lajpath Nagar and Palika Bazaar are other famous shopping centers.

Jaipur is the capital city of Rajasthan and is also famous as the pink city. Jaipur has a royal history which is still visible in the architecture and culture of the city. Jaipur is famous for its majestic palaces, royal forts and colorful culture. The city has many famous buildings and forts like Jal Mahal, which was constructed as a recreational centre for the royals of Jaipur. Hawa Mahal popularly known as The Wind Palace is a mesmerizing building which gives a bird eye view of the whole city. Amer Fort, City Palace, Jaigarh fort, Jantar Mantar and Nahargarh Fort are other famous architectural marvel in Jaipur. You also must see Sisodia Rani ka Bagh, Govind Ji Temple and Birla Temple. Shopping in Jaipur means a lot of color and vibrancy. You can get handicrafts items, chunri and jewelries. Food in Jaipur is really delicious and spicy. Enjoy Dal-Bati Churma, Gatte ki Sabzi and Kulfi in Jaipur restaurants.

Agra is world famous for Taj Mahal. Built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his late wife Mumtaz Maha, this building is known as the Symbol of Love. It took more than twenty years to construct Taj Mahal. White marbles were brought all the way from Rajasthan to coinstruct Taj Mahal. Other places worth visiting in Agra are Sikandra and Fatehpur Sikri both built by the great emperor Akbar. Chini ka Roza, Itmad-ud Daula, Dayal Bagh, and Mariyam tomb etc. Shooping in Agra is fun. You can get mini Taj Mahals as souvenirs, handicrafts item made by local artisans. Food in Agra is Mogul cuisine which is non-vegetarian based. But vegetarians also have a lot of options to choose from. Agras Panchhi Petha is the most popular sweet shop in Agra.

The three cities are crown of Indian tourism. All three are well connected by air, rail and roadways. There are many tour packages available which specifically cater to theses three cities. April to October is the best time to plan your trip for the trilogy.

Travel The Desert In True Rajput Style With Camel Safari In Rajasthan - Travel - Destinations

The land of the braves- Rajasthan, famous for being one of the most beautiful and vibrant places in India, attracts many tourists every year. Situated in the north-west of India, surrounded by the great Aravali Hiils is the majestic and colorful state of Rajasthan. Rajasthan has been home to the brave Rajputanas clan. The ending deserts of Rajasthan speak stories about the brave and heroic wars Rajputanas fought with the enemies. Rajasthani culture is renowned for being very colorful and vibrant. There are many nomadic tribes which add to the culture of Rajasthan with their distinct and wonderful traditions. Rajasthan has grand places and majestic forts built by erstwhile rulers of the state.

The deserts of Rajasthan give you an impression at first look that they will never end. No matter how much you walk the majestic deserts will take you to another world without ending. Desert life is very colorful. The nomadic tribes make their temporary houses in deserts and stay there with their camels and cattles. Local people also build many villages. The villages have mud-houses and beautiful surroundings. One of the best ways to explore the life in desert is to go for a Camel Safari. Take a camel ride starting from the main city and then venture into the exotic life of desert. A Camel safari will include a ride to small villages in desert and also overnight camping in desert.

There are many tour packages available for your need. They are tailor made to suit the needs of a tourist. One of the most famous Camel Safari tour package is Thar Desert Safari. The tour starts from the city of Mandawa on a camel and then takes you to the city of Bikaner. Enjoy the watching sunset in the deserts. Then take a ride on camel in the deserts and move on to Jaisalmer. Enjoy dance and music by local performers. Jodhpur and Jaipur the next cities you will visit this tour. A sightseeing trip to all major tourist attraction of all the cities is also undertaken.

Camel Safari in Rajasthan is yet another package which attracts many tourists interested in Camel safari. The package ensures that you enjoy your trio to the fullest and get a chance to live your desert dream. The trip begins at Jaisalmer in the village Haswa. Explore this small village set in deserts and stay there in camps for the night. Bhoo village is another stop during your camel walk. Explore the Bhilon-ki-Dhani in the Bhoo village. The next you get to see Devikot, a small village famous for its temples. Stay there overnight in a camp and enjoy the seeing beautiful sky full of sparkling stars and moon.

Camel Safari in Sam sand Dunes is also very popular among tourists who want to spend some real good time in the deserts. It covers Madwa, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Ramkunda, Chtrayali, Kuldhara, Jodhpur, and Jaipur. The trip takes you to many small villages in rural Rajasthan. Enjoy staying in Rajsthan desrts under a tent. Relish the local food items like Dall-bati Churma, Gatte ki Sabzi and Lassi.

A camel Safari trip in Rajasthan is one of the most adventurous and fulfilling trip you can undertake. The trip introduces you to a whole new way of life which many people live like in villages. Have fun riding your camel and staying under beautiful open sky. Come to Rajasthan and live your dreams.

Jodhpur: A Tour to Suncity or Blue City - Travel - Travel Tips

A city of forts, palaces, historical monuments and beautiful lakes, this city is always been a place of attraction among tourists. Due to its sunny and bright weather, it is also known as Sun City. As it is located on the edge of the Thar Desert, it is also known as the Gateway of Thar. It is the second largest city in Rajasthan, India. Jodhpur city is very beautiful due to its architecture and colourful fairs all around the year and therefore attracts many tourists from all over the world. There are many beautiful historical monuments, lakes and forts.Whether you are planning a honeymoon or vacation with friends and family, Jodhpur, India is the best place comes into your mind as there various site seeing places and also you can go for safari as it is not very far from Jodhpur. The city was founded by Rao Jodha in 1949 AD. He was the Rajput chief tan of Rathores.In the north side, you can see the shadow of blue on the old houses, and therefore it is also known as Blue Cit y. Jodhpur tour is really a awesome experience.Mehrangarh Fort is the largest fort in whole Rajasthan and is situated on a 150m high top of a hill with imperious view around the fort, thats the reason that this fort remains unoccupied by the army. The fort has several temples, maharajas palace and a widespread garden at the back of the fort. Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Chamunda Mataji Temple are some of the beautiful sight seeing inside the palace.Other historical sites are Jaswant Thada, Mandore Garden, Khejarla Fort and Umaid Bhawan Palace. Umaid Bhawan Palace is the largest palace built in India and the Maharaja of Jodhpur still remains here. Khejarla Fort is another stunning site to visit in Jodhpur.There are also beautiful lakes like Kailana Lake, Balsamand Lake (now converted to a resort) and Gulab Sagar Lake which are amongst the list of places visited by tourists. Tourists who are interested in visiting pilgrimages are coming to the right place as there are various famo us and oldest temples like Ganesh Temple, Pal Balaji Temple, Santoshi Mata Temple and many more such places to visit. The city is well connected with air, train and road so there will be no travelling problem. One can choose his journey according to his wish. Makhaniya Lassi, Mawa Kachori, Panchkuta, Dal Bati Churma, Gatte ka saag, Kabuli (a rice speciality), Mirchi Bada / Samosa/ Pyaz Ki Kachori, Gulab Jamun ki Sabji, Gulab Jamun, these are some of the special or you can say famous in dishes in Jodhpur.

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John F Kennedy Secret Society Speech, JFK: The last President to Oppose New Order - Society - Politics

The John F Kennedy Secret Society Speech, JFK gave on April 27, 1961. It is often offered as a glimpse into the 35th U.S. presidents view of the press. Indeed, the president addressed the American Publishers Association in New York City that day and titled his oration The President and the Press.But he did not only urge the assembled publishers to maintain their mission as a balance to political power, as a questioner and informer; the speech was also a warning to the nation. President Eisenhower before him had warned of the military industrial complex in his final address only months earlier.

Now President Kennedy, in this address, warned of a threat cloaked in secrecy within the entrails of the United States. Today, many who oppose shrinking freedoms in North America look back to that speech of alarm against the increased encroachment on freedoms as a warning alarm. Certainly the Bush/Cheney Administration appears to have been foreseen almost clairvoyantly by Kennedy in the early sections of his speech.

He warns that, Even today, there is little value in insuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment.

Under the cover of the 9/11 explosions the Bush regime moved a series of measures to remove Constitutional rights to citizens including habeas corpus. Free speech protections were eroded and sweeping powers were concentrated in the executive branch of government. Wars for oil, (detailed at /rockwell/warforoil.html), were launched as the latest in the ongoing march to construct a New World Order. In this order, resources and labor are locked in to the service of a group of global greedsters.

Bush I announced the move with the fall of the Soviet Union. Clinton advanced it with the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This and other free trade agreements place corporate profit-making as primary, above constitutional laws of signatory states and other protections for working people and the environment with its Chapter 11 section (which is explained here: /trade/nafta/CH__11/)

Bush II took advantage of the 9/11 fears to obliterate obstacles posed by the Constitution. Now the new Obama regime benefits from the vast power he has inherited in order to continue the same policies to promote private pilfering.

With the John F Kennedy Secret Society Speech, JFK warned of ill-intentioned interests hiding in the shadows. Today, they are shaping the fate of the nation. Kennedy was indeed, the last president to stand up to those interests.

Since before the birth of the country the battle had begun for control of the U.S. economy. In 1913 the tide turned, with the creation of the Federal Reserve Banks (FED). This is a private central banking cartel of 12 banks masquerading as a state institution. It sells fiat money to the U.S, paper currency with no real value other than citizen consent to its buying power. In his crusade against secrecy, Kennedy tried to stand up to the stranglehold these bankers keep on the U.S. economy. He acted to eradicate the national debt and its chains on the neck of our children. With Executive Order 11110, JFK began printing his own silver backed currency to restore economic power to the public. Many believe this was the instigation to ignite his murder.

In the John F Kennedy Secret Society Speech, JFK did call on the press to expose this secret plot for control of the country. Today it is clear that the call was in vain. Most media on the globe now belongs to a handful of corporate owners. They are in league with the banksters who are betting their fortunes on keeping you under control.

What Paperwork Do You Have To Have To Ship into Canada? - Business

Whenever you're trying to ship something internationally, it's just always going to be a little more complicated than just shipping within a single country. There are always a few additional fees, and usually, a lot more paperwork that has to be filled out. However, the smooth operation of international trade relies largely on documentation. This allows governments to track seamlessly what is flowing in and out of their countries, and to make sure that all fees are being paid and all regulations adhered to. That is why you have a little more paperwork to worry about when shipping to Canada with your messenger WI company, rather than if you were just shipping to Oregon.

Some of the paperwork that has to be sent with every international shipment needs to be prepared by you. Other parts of it need to be prepared by your courier company, and sometimes certain forms will require both parties participation. The one thing that you can prepare, and must prepare, on your own, is the commercial invoice. This must go with ever shipment, no matter how small, including small personal purchases made on eBay for example.

The courier company must in turn provide a BOL. This means bill of lading, and it is the most important document which contains the details of the actual physical movement of the goods. Dates and addresses for both origin and destination will be provided so that the customs agents know exactly what movements the goods will have gone through.

Additional documentation is going to depend largely on the types of goods that you're shipping. A BOL and commercial invoice might be enough for small and simple shipments, but when you start getting into larger and more valuable shipments, the matter becomes more complex.

Certain shipments of goods are going to fall under the jurisdiction of international trade agreements, such as NAFTA. When this is the case, you need additional paperwork in order to move your goods. In the example of NAFTA, you need a permit showing that you are allowed to move goods under the terms of that trade agreement.

These are the types of things that can be difficult to track, especially if you're new to international shipping. Making sure that you're doing business with an experienced courier can make all the difference in the world. They can advise you on what documents you must have for each shipment to make sure that you never have anything held up at a border.

What Happened To Their House Before They Came To Yours - News - Current Affairs

One page out of the anti-immigration reform movements play book is usually some form of the following statement:

"What if someone broke into your house, ate your food, had kids and stayed there."

In this analogy your house is the USA, your doorstep is the border and the people breaking in are illegal immigrants. I think there's a difference between breaking into a home and crossing an invisible line in the earth, but I will concede that both are against the law.

I would also presume that the members of your house are like-minded about keeping these invaders out of your house, but this country of 300 million people hold many different opinions about immigration. Some in the 'house' tactically endorse these people coming over the border illegally in order to have a slave labor force for the major corporations of this country.

The enforcement-only advocates will say they are not opposed to foreigners coming here as long as they follow the rules and obey the law. They should take a number and wait their turn, we are told. This makes perfect sense until you discover that for most of those who want to come, legal admission is practically impossible due to an antiquated immigration system.

Some say, "How dare they come to this country illegally and despoil this nation of it's great wealth."

How dare they indeed! How is it that these people have 'arbitrarily' ended up on your doorstep and are breaking into your home.

Illegally crossing the border is criminal, but the policies of this country that have caused mass immigration are also criminal. US trade and military policies in Central and South America that have caused a devastating economic climate have led to this exodus.

The US has a long history of supporting oppressive oligarchies in Latin America, from Nixon in Uruguay, Reagan in El Salvador to Obama in Honduras. One area of the world where the U.S. government has most engaged in the use of torture is Latin America, and it has been an integral part of our foreign policy there. There is a steady history of right-wing groups overthrowing democratic governments and torturing citizens with the support of the United States. The poor people of these countries get the worst of it and become refugees adding to the numbers of immigrants heading to this country.

Then you have the policies of NAFTA (Clinton) and CAFTA (G.W. Bush). The consequences of these agreements have been devastating for the poor workers in Mexico and Central America while making billions for U.S. corporations and for the elite governments of those countries.

The government in Mexico signed NAFTA, but it was under the coercion of huge international business interests. This resulted in the devastation of Mexico's economy by giant corporations that flooded their market with cheaper products. A lot of that was artificially cheap corn, subsidized with our tax dollars, and imported to Mexico. A conservative estimate is that 1.3 million small farmers lost their livelihood due to this. That means they lost their ability to earn a living, feed their families, despoiled of their homes, and then you wonder why they ended up on the doorstep of your 'house'. It's ludicrous to deny our countries complicity in the flood of immigrants coming here.

We can shout that America is "the greatest nation ever born from blood on this planet", but that's a subjective statement. Unless you have lived in every other country in the world it's not objective. We can wrap ourselves in the flag, and blind patriotism that is more often thinly disguised arrogance, or we can be the great 'Christian' nation we proclaim ourselves to be and reform the immigration laws to make it possible for these people who have been disenfranchised by U.S. policy to enter the country legally.

On 200th birthday, Mexico battered but not broken - News - World News

The movie that Mexican director Luis Estrada is putting out for his country's bicentennial is bluntly named "Hell."

Like many Mexicans, Estrada says there is little to celebrate in Mexico today, with its violence, corruption and inequity. Yet in another way, the harshly critical movie shows how far the country has come - it was made with government funding, and nobody tried to censor it.

"I think this should be seen as enormous progress," Estrada says.

As Mexico limps into the bicentennial of its 1810 independence uprising, it is battered and full of self-questioning, but with more openness and debate than perhaps at any other time in its history.

The bicentennial marks the 1810 uprising led by Catholic priest Miguel Hidalgo, who gathered a band of Indians and farmers under the banner of the dark-skinned Virgin of Guadalupe. He was caught and executed soon afterward, but by 1821 the movement he started ousted the Spanish, a feat Mexicans celebrate Sept. 15-16.

"A bicentennial should inspire and generate hope, and this one hasn't," notes longtime environmental and consumer activist Alejandro Calvillo. "It comes at a time of deep crisis."

Why couldn't it have been in 1977, when Mexico was flush with oil money? Or in 1993, when Mexico negotiated the North American Free Trade agreement with the U.S., portrayed as a ticket to prosperity? Or in 2000, when the country experienced the first democratic transition of power in its history?

But all those "victories" proved hollow. The oil is running out. NAFTA failed to lift Mexican wages or stem migration. And democracy - in a country with no ballot initiatives, independent candidates or open city council meetings - has only strengthened the grip of the three main political parties.

A Pew Research Center poll released in August shows 79 percent of Mexicans are dissatisfied with the country's direction. Even U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton jumped into the fray last week, saying that Mexico, plagued with drug-running and violence, is looking more and more how Colombia looked two decades ago.

Mexico seems to be slipping behind: Chinese auto workers who once earned wages their Mexican counterparts wouldn't stoop to take now earn more. Mexico's cherished role as defender of Latin America's right to self-determination has largely been taken over by Brazil and Venezuela. And Mexico's view of itself as the protector of refugees was badly shaken when drug cartel gunmen massacred 72 mainly Central American migrants in the north in August.

"We are a generous and hospitable people, without doubt, but now we are realizing with shock and shame that we have become a corrupt and murderous country," the Catholic Archdiocese of Mexico wrote in an editorial.

Perhaps what Mexicans have to celebrate is their own endurance - the real glue that's held the country together for centuries.

"We won't migrate, and we won't allow ourselves to be defeated," says Victor Suarez, 57, who started a national farm cooperative movement in 1995, right after NAFTA opened the door to imports of U.S. grain. Suarez' group now negotiates better prices for about 60,000 small farmers, and has built 200 grain warehouses.

"Farmers are the country's future," he says. "We are fighting to save something that is key to the national identity."

Yet in the past 15 years, Suarez says he's seen increasing numbers of poor farmers migrate to the United States, or be recruited by drug gangs to work as hitmen or lookouts, or to plant marijuana or opium. In a country where roughly 10 percent of the population has migrated abroad - and a Pew Research Center poll shows another 33 percent would like to do so - merely remaining is often a statement in itself.

That's especially true in Ciudad Juarez, where drug violence has killed more than 4,000 people since 2009, making it one of the deadliest cities in the world. The violence is so bad that the city canceled its Independence Day celebration for the first time since Pancho Villa raided towns along the border during the 1910-1917 Revolution.

A restaurant owner in the violence-wracked border city - he asked for his name not be printed to avoid reprisals - isn't leaving, even after gunmen barged into his eatery one year ago to demand protection money. He moved his family to El Paso, Texas and opened another eatery there, but he remained in Juarez to keep his business open and continue providing jobs for his 10 employees.

"My dad started this place on a shoestring," he says, amid the warm smell of his family's turkey burritos. "I want to stay here, I'm from Juarez, and I'm going to stay and help my employees' families as long as I can....I'm not going to let some bastards run me out."

Mexicans are losing faith in many institutions. After the hero in Estrada's movie bursts into a bicentennial celebration and mows down corrupt figures - a drug lord, a mayor, police chief and local priest - with an assault rifle, audiences in Mexico City clapped.

But the search for new values is somewhat disorienting. For most of its 200 years, Mexico was dominated by three institutions, whose buildings loomed over hundreds of town squares: the church, the city hall and the house of the most prominent family.

The church - whose falling number of priests can hardly serve their flocks anymore - now strives to be relevant in a country where most still list themselves as nominally Catholic, but hardly ever attend mass anymore.

Rev. Alejandro Solalinde runs a shelter for Central American migrants in the southern state of Oaxaca, where he has braved threats from corrupt officials and drug gangs. Even Solalinde questions his church and his country's direction.

"I think that nationalism isn't much help any more," he said. "I think what we need is new humanism, that places value on the individual human being."

Today, one of the buildings on a Mexican town square is likely to be an evangelical temple. Evangelical and Protestant groups provide involvement and a sense of revivalism, holding "prayer meetings for peace" in places like Ciudad Juarez.

Other aspects of life are changing; today, a Mexican town square is likely to hold an Internet cafe, a money exchange for migrant remittances, and a store selling plastic Chinese sandals instead of leather huaraches.

The family remains a bulwark, albeit one that is often split by mass migration. But the enormous, close-knit Mexican family may be a thing of the past; Mexico's birth rate has fallen from about 7 children per woman in the late 1960s to 2.1 today.

Upper-middle class Mexicans today are firmly implanted in the developed world, with iPhones, modern apartments, high education levels and small families. They sometimes feel ignored amid all the talk of violence: Mexico's nationwide murder rate, after all, is a relatively low 14 per 100,000, well below the average for Latin America.

"The dangerous, violent, tragic, corrupt and cynical Mexico is not the country most Mexicans belong to," philanthropist Manuel Arango wrote in an open letter in August. "The millions who go to work everyday, despite street protests that often block traffic, who work to get ahead and support their families... this invisible Mexico is the real Mexico."

Today, Mexico has strong civic movements on issues like crime, human rights and environmental protection that didn't exist 25 years ago. And despite suffering the most severe recession since the 1930s in 2009, the country has sound government finances and growing accountability. There is also now a truly independent Supreme Court.

Yet a few rich still hold the reigns of the country's highly concentrated economy, where one or two firms dominate key sectors like television, telephones, cement, and food distribution. Half of the country's 107 million people live in poverty. Mexico is home to both the world's richest man, Carlos Slim, whose fortune is estimated at about $53.5 billion, and about 20 million Mexicans who live on less than $3 per day.

"Closing the gap that separates these two Mexicos is a commitment we owe to the heroes of the past, and to Mexicans of today and tomorrow," Calderon said in Sept. 1 speech.

In the meantime, social activists are trying change Mexico in various ways. Mothers whose children disappeared in counterinsurgency or police campaigns have taken to washing the Mexican flag in a tub of water outside the steps of the country's Supreme Court in the weeks leading up to the bicentennial. They say the flag has been stained with blood and needs to be cleaned.Air Jordan Retro

A quasi-military group, the Pentatlon Deportivo, believes military-style discipline, personal development and an ardent, nationalist love of Mexico are the cures for the country's ills. In Mexico City, teenage Pentatlon recruits jog down the tree-lined main boulevard, dropping to calisthenics and chanting "I will train very hard, because I'm no coward/I will give my life for my country... to end all the evil."

Others, like Calvillo, are trying to organize consumers to pressure the country's powerful, highly monopolized business sector, with campaigns to stop big corporations from selling junk food in schools in Mexico, where children simultaneously suffer from malnutrition and one of the world's highest obesity rates.

And some are trying to use the courts to introduce class-action lawsuits taking on big business. But activism can only do so much; for example, antiquated labor laws make union organizing nearly impossible, and wealth and power often prevail in Mexico's bureaucratic, opaque court system.

"It's a contradictory situation, because on the one hand, people are a little desperate and want to participate, but the lack of democratic processes discourages that," Calvillo said. "Because of the situation, people... kind of retreat into their private lives and try to solve their own problems."Jordan Shoes

This year also marks the centennial of the 1910-1917 revolution, when the old heroes like Emiliano Zapata and Villa overthrew the dictatorship of Porfiro Diaz on behalf of small, impoverished farmers.

One hundred years later, most farms remain small and impoverished, and the "revolutionary" rhetoric that helped keep the Revolutionary Institutional Party in power for 71 years - a paternalistic government that would hand out subsidies, housing projects and sports complexes - has faded just like the paint on government-built apartment blocks.

The 2000 presidential elections - won by President Felipe Calderon's conservative National Action Party - marked the first peaceful transition of power in the country's history. Embarrassingly, Calderon's administration has had to delay a park and a commemorative arch for the bicentennial, because some of the work had to be done abroad.Gucci Shoes

Today, Mexicans are looking less to the government than ever before; they have largely tired of the official version of what it means to be Mexican.

At Mexico City's alternative music market every Saturday, Mexican Goths in black robes and white face powder mix with punk and rock fans known as "skaters." With shaggy hair, ripped jeans and skateboard, graffiti artist and high-school student Antonio Yanez, 19, likes U.S. bands like the Red Hot Chili Peppers and Flaming Lips, but defines his Mexican identity as something that strikes to the ageless core of the country.Gucci handbags

"Being a Mexican is about working hard, getting ahead by your own efforts," Yanez says. "It's like, looking for some way to get ahead, even when there is no way, and just hoping to find it."

Exactly What You Need Find Out Just Before Sending Shipments to Mexico - Business - Management

In practice are many methods to ship packages to Mexico. The methods of sending goods to Mexico can be quite easy in contrast to sending merchandise to other countries because the country is part of the NAFTA treaty and is a founding member of the WTO. You could obtain the help of one of the shipping services offered in the United States of America that give great door-to-door transportation services. This implies that you would simply deal with packing your shipments and accomplishing a number of forms locally, similar to the shipping records and several customs documents by which you make a declaration of the contents of the shipment and the value. When the declared value surpasses particular limits, you will be forced to include an invoice, so be careful. The logistics company may provide customs mediation services and your item will be shipped to the desired destination.

An alternative procedure is employing a service provider that gives ground transport to your customs specialist at any of the designated entry points. In some cases when you mail an item that surpasses $2500 you may find it necessary to complete a separate record known as the Shipper's Export Declaration that can be filled in an electronic format. Besides the invoice, you are required to accomplish a BOL form, a packing list, a NAFTA Certificate of Origin and sometimes a Letter of Origin that might be written in English, Spanish or French if importing shipments to Mexico.

Do your best to be exact about the packages you are shipping particularly with regards the packing list and also on the invoice. The names of the goods on these couple of paper works need to generally be similar. A considerable amount of all the products imported to Mexico are being checked, and it would be wise not to take any chances. The customs officials are extremely strict regarding the paperwork. Verify the list of disallowed substances and products. In many situations an item that appears hassle-free might be illegitimate or fall under specific restrictions, such as products made of chocolate. You should be cautious so your item will not be moist, leaky or emit an odor of any sort due to the fact there is going to be a substantial possibility the package won't be acknowledged at the customs. Make inquiries regarding all the customs charges and pay all of them if necessary ahead of importing shipments to Mexico.

What Are Your Alternatives Relating To A Canada Pharmacy? - Health

Wherever people look whether it be on TV, billboards, or on the internet you can find advertisements for you to be able to purchase your prescription medications via a Canada Pharmacy. In essence the marketing campaigns are becoming more popular as the economy is getting worse and more people find it as a struggle to be able to pay for their drugs.

Given that a lot of people have found it to be a benefit to buy medicines from Canada, American pharmaceutical companies are trying to protest. The simple reason is the fact that these people are afraid to lose money. They claim that this is unjust but due to the trade agreements specified by NAFTA, it is not.

In most cases the American companies are actually fortunate to benefit from the conditions and terms set forth by NAFTA. Nevertheless when it comes to prescription drugs they are really losing money. For the reason that Canada produces the same quality of drugs and can offer such medications at a greatly reduced price to the people from the United States.

You can find any kind of medicine that you could ever need in a Canada Pharmacy. There are a number of ways to get this done. One is to go to Canada but another is to locate a good Canada Pharmacy online. If you do any of these you can actually take a prescription with you or find a drugstore which has a medical doctor that can prescribe the medications that you need.

One of the best reasons why you should purchase drugs at a Canada Pharmacy are the number of advantages. Some examples are you can save a great deal of money from what you will pay for similar medications in the USA. Furthermore the quality of the medicines is the same as the ones that are produced in the States.

Plus one more benefit is that there are no laws indicating that you should not purchase your prescription medications from Canadian pharmacies. This means that you do not have to worry about getting your medicines or possibly finding yourself in trouble should you get the drugs. Hence you do not have to fear being in danger.

Regardless of who you are, there are a variety of ways that you can conveniently acquire your prescription drugs at a Canada Pharmacy. It is not just legitimate to do so, but at the same time risk-free. Plus you may also notice that you are not having to decide between getting your medications and other needed stuff for the house.

How You Can Stay Away From Difficulty When Using A Discount Pharmacy - Health

No matter where you look may it be on television, large billboards, or online there are promotions for you to be able to buy your prescription medications via a Discount Pharmacy. In essence the marketing campaigns are becoming more popular as the economic system is becoming more serious and more and more people find it as a struggle to manage to afford the medications.

Since so many people are finding it to be an advantage to buy medicines from Canada, American pharmaceutical providers are trying to protest. The simple reason is the fact that they do not want to lose business. They say that this is unjust however due to the trade arrangements specified by NAFTA, it is not.

In most cases the US companies are actually fortunate to benefit from the stipulations established by NAFTA. However in terms of pharmaceutical medications they are really losing money. For the reason that Canada generates the same high quality of drugs and can sell such medications for a reduced cost to the citizens from the United States.

You can find any medicine that you could at any time require at a Discount Pharmacy. There are a number of means to do this. The first is to travel to Canada yet an alternative is to locate a Discount Pharmacy on the internet. If you do any of the aforementioned you can actually take a prescription with you or look for a drugstore which has a physician that can prescribe the medicines that you need.

One of the best reasons to purchase medications at a Discount Pharmacy are the numerous benefits. These include you can save a large amount of money from what you will spend for similar medicines in the USA. In addition the grade of the medicines is equivalent to the ones that are manufactured in the United States.

Also one more advantage is that there are no laws stating that you can not purchase your pharmaceutical medications through Canadian pharmacies. This means that you do not worry about getting your medicines or possibly being in a tough time should you get the drugs. Hence you do not have to dread being in danger.

Regardless of who you are, there are a variety of ways that you may conveniently obtain your prescription medications from a Discount Pharmacy. It is not only legal to do so, but at the same time safe. What's more you may even notice that you are not having to decide between having your medicines and other necessary stuff for the house.

Affordable SEO Services Canada: Its Significance for Canadian Businesses - Search Engines - SE Optimization

The world's second-largest country by area, Canada is one of the leading industrialized countries among the free market economies and a member of the G7 group of economic powers. Canada is also a partner in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) along with the United States and Mexico. The country also has membership in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).

Canada offers a stable business environment, and thus, ever increasing business opportunities, and in the context of NAFTA, free market business environment as well. Canada, therefore, is host to many flourishing businesses and many more promising startups.Booming or promising, businesses of all sizes and sorts in Canada, just like anywhere else in the world, can't afford to not have a website and conduct their businesses online i.e. sell their products and/or services via their websites also. The highly competitive and ever dynamic world that we live in today demands businesses to catch up with it if even an existence is required, let alone any success. Having a website created is one of the ways to stay abreast with the ever changing world.

But having a website is not everything that is required to sell successfully online. A business with an online store needs to market its website. Besides online ads, search engine optimization (SEO) is one of the proven best ways to market a website over the internet. Canadian businesses are no exceptions to that.

SEO companies that provide their services to Canadian businesses like to call themselves Affordable SEO Services Canada Canada. In fact, the Affordable SEO Services Canada do not provide their SEO services solely to Canadian businesses, but to businesses of other countries also, but because they have a team of professionals that has experience of increasing the ranking or visibility of Canadian businesses on search engines, they also market themselves as Affordable SEO Services Canada.

For Canadian businesses, Affordable SEO Services Canada can do tons of good. Since SEO is about increasing the ranking of a website on different, highly relevant keywords over search engines like Google, Yahoo, and Bing, Affordable SEO Services Canada can help Canadian businesses earn some serious profits.

If you run a business in Canada and have a website for it, and if you don't have a website, you should first get a website made where you can sell your products/services online, then you should consider hiring one of the available affordable SEO services Canada because you will have better odds to increase your sales.